Researchers say that eating six meals a day while keeping the calorie intake constant can control blood sugar levels and hunger in obese people with diabetes or prediabetes.
It is better to eat six meals than three meals a day, while keeping the total calorie intake constant, to improve blood sugar control and hunger in obese people with pre-diabetes or diabetes, says a study. According to researchers, using a six-meal pattern instead of three-meal, while containing the same overall calories, improved blood sugar control and reduced hunger in obese people with prediabetes or full-blown diabetes. Earlier research stressed on the importance of sleep for diabetics.
Lead researcher Dr Emilia Papakonstantinou from the Agricultural University of Athens, Greece, together with colleagues from the Athens University Medical School, Attikon University Hospital and Harokopio University, compared the effects of two meal patterns with identical calories on glucose metabolism and satiety. This research compares the effects of eating either three or six meals per day while keeping total calorie intake constant.
The team analysed 47 obese individuals who were divided into three groups consisting of two groups with prediabetes and one group with full blown T2D. They were given a specially designed weight-maintaining diet over the 24-week duration in which they were asked to consume in a three or six-meal pattern for 12 weeks before swapping over.
The weight of participants was assessed in every two weeks and they were quizzed about their subjective hunger, satiety and desire to eat. Although body weight remained stable throughout the study, the participants who had been following the six-meal plan saw a decrease in their glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and post-oral glucose tolerance test blood glucose levels (indicating improved blood sugar control).
In the groups with prediabetes, the six-meal plan decreased the occurrence of abnormally high insulin levels and delayed the time taken for blood glucose to peak following ingestion of sugars. All three groups reported significantly reduced hunger levels and less desire to eat after following the six-meal plan compared to when they were eating three meals per day.
The results suggest that increased frequency of meals, consumed at regular times, may be a useful tool for doctors treating subjects with obesity and diabetes or prediabetes, especially those who are reluctant or unsuccessful dieters. The research is presented at European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) Annual Meeting in Lisbon, Portugal.
The current generation is spending an enormous amount of time on their smartphones. This leads to fewer dates and romantic relationships, a new research has found.
We already know that excessive texting can affect your mood, and even compromise sleep patterns. Yet, teens are glued to their gadgets. A major study has found that teenagers are going on fewer romantic dates than their parents’ generation because they spend too much time on their phones. According to a new book by Jean Twenge, professor at San Diego State University in the US, those born between 1995 and 2012 - dubbed the i-Generation - are less interested in romance than their millennial predecessors.
Teenagers from this group have grown up with social media and smartphones and spend far more time socialising with one another online than they do in person. The decline in dating corresponds to dwindling sexual activity among this cohort, researchers found. Based on surveys of 11 million young people and a series of in-depth interviews, Twenge found that teenagers in their final year of school are going out less often than 13-year- olds did as recently as 2009.
She noted that 56 per cent of 14 to 18-year-olds went out on dates in 2015 whereas for Generation X and Baby Boomers, it was around 85 per cent, ‘The Telegraph’ reported. The survey also found that sexual activity among 14 and 15-year-olds has dropped by almost 40% since 1991.
“Teens are spending an enormous amount of time, primarily on their smartphones and communicating with their friends electronically,” Twenge told BBC Radio Four’s Today programme. “They are spending less time interacting with their friends in person, hanging out with their friends,” she said.
The atmosphere on the streets of south Kolkata’s Bhawanipur is buzzing with anticipation and excitement for the biggest festival in every Bengali’s year. The lanes are cluttered with posters and banners for the upcoming five-day gala and inside the pandal, where preparations are on in full swing, three artists are busy painting canvases with images of Parvati, Shiva, Ganesha, Ram, Sita, et al. Clad in a floral sari, matching green bangles, a black dupatta draped around the shoulders, a middle-aged woman is busy finishing painting the top knot of Lord Shiva.
Led by Swarna Chitrakar, 48, seven members of this Muslim family is responsible for the decorations of this year’s puja pandal at Rupchand Mukherjee Lane’s Sarbojanin Puja. While it may be a surprise to many that the painters of the Hindu gods and goddesses across the pandal are Muslims, this is not that unusual in West Bengal during the auspicious Durga Puja, when hundreds come together to beautify the city to welcome the goddess, and religious differences play no role.
The artists, who have been in town for the last couple of days, are residents of the state’s famous pottery village of Pingla in Paschim Medinipur. The village is known for its Patachitra and Pater Gaan — unique cultural traditions of Bengal. It is home to more than 250 Patachitra painters, or ‘Patuas’, living in Naya Gram in Pingla. The artisans – known as the chitrakars (painters) – are a unique tribe of folk artists, who are not only painters but also lyricists, singers and performers — all in one. They paint narratives from Hindu mythology on leaf scrolls called “pata” and sing along with the visuals to explain and provide an in-depth story.
Swarna Chitrakar has been a pata-artist all her life and has learnt the art from her father. Talking to indianexpress.com, the 48-year-old says it all comes quite naturally now. “We are ‘patua’ and that is our identity, it’s true we follow the faith of Islam but that is it.” The mother of five daughters says the artform has been in the family for generations, and she doesn’t know who had started the tradition of painting Hindu gods and goddess and narrating scripts from the Ramayan and Mahabharat.
“Our father’s or grandfather’s generation did face problems from the community and they objected to us singing and narrating stories from Ramayan and other Hindu fables, but now we have moved ahead. It’s really not a big deal now,” she says.
All her daughters have been married within the Patua community as she hopes to keep the traditional art alive. “Earlier, there may have been a reservation about our daughters getting married outside the community but not so much now. People from outside now want their daughters to marry our sons, maybe seeing the exposure and respect we get.” A renowned artist, who has merged the Pingla artwork with the Kalighat Patachitra style, has given rise to a beautiful amalgamation and has travelled around the conducting workshops even in the prestigious Brown University, US.
When the curator of the pandal Saumik Chakraborty visited Pingla in search of artists to turn his concepts into reality, he visited many homes, checking out the many artists. But when he finally came across the work of Swarna Chitrakar, he was mesmerised. “Her work was so good and unique, her technique…how she merged both the stylistic of Kaligat pot and Mednipur pot is mind-blogging,” Chakraborty said over the telephone. “Seeing her art we even cancelled our drawings of the idol and now it has been build in her style.” Moved by her art, the
Moved by her art, the organisers have named the theme of this year’s puja as ‘Swarna Chitra — Sonar meye r anka chobi (paintings by the golden girl)’, to honour the artist.
Another female artist is at the helm of creating the larger-than-life idol. Piyali Sadhukhan is making the colourful and beautiful idol based on Chitrakar’s drawings. “As Durga Puja is a festival to honour the power and strength of a woman, it was only apt that these two women lead and carry out the project,” Chakraborty said.
For this year’s Durga Puja, they have painted scenes from Chandi-mongol, Ganesh janma, Akal Bodhan from the Ramayan and other similar stories. The songs that have been passed down from one generation to other orally have been recorded for this grand occasion. There is no such repository of written lyrics that has been maintained but the songs remain alive through their singing and performances. “It’s not as exciting to read and learn the songs and it requires much more effort, instead of singing it together is easy and is quite enjoyable,” Swarna Chitrakar says, explaining how they keep the ancient performing art alive.
The works in the pandal have been done with eight artists, all related to Chitrakar. Along with her husband Shambho Chitrakar and daughter Sonali, nephew Hashir and sons-in-law — Uttam, Rakhibul, Sameer, Samir — too have participated. Though traditionally they use vegetable dye and natural colours to paint, they have used acrylic and fabric colours to draw on the canvases for the mandap.
Here are some simple and smart tips to give your interiors a festive touch without spending a fortune.
Dussehra and Diwali are around the corner, and now is the time to get your home festive ready. Here are some simple and smart tips to give your interiors a festive touch without spending a fortune.
* Use traditional hand-crafted fabrics and prints as wall hangings, bed and cushion covers. Silks, chanderi, fabrics with batik or block prints and zari embroidery are all the rage. You can also add some traditional carpets.
* Use copper and brass crockery when guests come calling.
* Add mirrors with embellished or copper-toned frames to add a little bling to your interiors.
* Instead of painting the whole house, use one prominent wall and paint it with a pretty motif or adorn it with a decal or wall hanging to add to the festive spirit.
* Good lighting can easily set the right mood. Light up your home in layers with some ornate lighting fixtures and lamps.
* Highlight a wall by painting it in cheerful earthy warm hues like solar yellow, rustic red and emerald green.
* Fresh flowers and scented candles are ideal for those who want to keep the decor understated.
* Ensure your towels, napkins, table runner and door mats are in the same vibrant shade to keep symmetry going.
* Bring out the prized centrepieces for your coffee table and dining table.
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