Broadcom Inc. is in talks to acquire cloud-computing company VMware Inc., according to people familiar with the matter, setting up a blockbuster tech deal that would vault the chipmaker into a highly specialized area of software.
The discussions are ongoing and there’s no guarantee they will lead to a purchase, said the people, who asked not to be identified because the matter isn’t public. VMware currently has a market valuation of about $40 billion. Assuming a typical premium, the potential deal price would be higher, though the terms under consideration couldn’t be learned.
The transaction would extend a run of acquisitions for Broadcom Chief Executive Officer Hock Tan, who has built one of the largest and most diversified companies in the chip industry. Software has been a key focus in recent years, with Broadcom buying CA Technologies in 2018 and Symantec Corp.’s enterprise security business in 2019.
A representative for VMware declined to comment. A representative for Broadcom wasn’t available for comment.
In March, Tan told analysts on a post-earnings call that Broadcom had the capacity for a "good size" acquisition.
Wells Fargo analysts wrote after Bloomberg News's report: "Investors have been increasingly focused on Broadcom’s appetite for another strategic or platform enterprise software acquisition—especially given the recent compression in software valuation." "An acquisition of VMware would be considered to make strategic sense and is consistent with Broadcom’s focus on building out a deepening enterprise infrastructure software strategy."
Broadcom makes a wide range of electronics, with its products going into everything from the iPhone to industrial equipment. But data centers have become a critical source of growth, and bulking up on software gives the company more ways to target that market.
Broadcom was previously in talks to acquire SAS Institute Inc., a closely held software company valued at $15 billion to $20 billion. But those discussions ended last year without a deal.
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Tan was also thwarted in his biggest takeover attempt of them all: a bid to buy rival chipmaker Qualcomm Inc. He had to walk away from that deal in 2018 after Broadcom encountered resistance from the Trump administration. One concern was Broadcom’s Singapore headquarters, and the company has since switched its domicile to the US. It is now based in San Jose, California, about 20 miles from VMware’s Palo Alto headquarters.
VMware, founded in 1998, is a pioneering Silicon Valley company that has already changed hands a number of times. It invented so-called virtualization software, which consolidates applications and workloads on a smaller number of server computers by using each server to handle more than one program.
But as more tasks moved to the cloud, VMware struggled to keep up growth and carve out a key role for itself. The company eventually forged a close partnership with Amazon.com Inc., one of the biggest providers of cloud storage and services.
VMware was acquired by storage technology giant EMC Corp. in 2004. That company then sold part of its stake as part of VMware’s initial public offering three years later. The business was passed to Dell Technologies Inc. when that company acquired EMC in 2016. VMware was spun off from Dell last year.
Michael Dell and private equity firm Silver Lake remain top investors in VMware, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
Software would help decrease Broadcom’s reliance on chips. But its previous forays into that market haven’t always been applauded by investors. Tan has argued that he looks for businesses that are "franchises"--ones that hold a strong market position and can be made more profitable without pouring in huge investments.
Shares of Broadcom and VMware have both slid roughly 18% this year, hurt by a broader rout. But they haven’t been hit as hard as many tech stocks. The Philadelphia Stock Exchange Semiconductor Index is down 27% this year.
In New York trading Friday, VMware rose 0.8% to close at $95.71, putting its market valuation at $40.3 billion. Broadcom, down less than 1% to $543.19 on Friday, has a valuation of about $222 billion.
Chipmakers like Broadcom have enjoyed booming sales in recent years, fueled by the spread of semiconductors into more products--as well as by the need for work-from-home technology during the pandemic. But Tan has warned that the boom times probably won’t last.
Even after giving an upbeat sales forecast in March, Tan said that the semiconductor industry won’t be able to stay on its current trajectory. He expects the chip business to decelerate to historical growth rates of about 5%.
"If anyone tells you otherwise, don’t believe it, because it has never happened," he said on a conference call at the time. Industry leaders claiming that the semiconductor industry can grow at the current rate for an extended period are "dreaming," he said.